I often hear parents complaining that they have worked hard to create conditions for their children to learn the piano, bought the piano, and the teacher also invited them, but the child learned it for a while but did not want to learn it. From then on, the piano learning process was abandoned halfway, and the piano became a decoration; Some parents often complain: "In the beginning, letting my daughter learn piano was to make the family more joyful. I never expected that the family atmosphere would become tense after the piano."
Everyone knows how difficult it is to learn the piano! Parents do n’t know how to play it, and they will understand how complicated and difficult it is to learn this technique when they play it! Parents should be fully prepared before learning the piano, not blindly follow the trend , Should make learning piano a natural thing.
Learning the piano is just like learning other musical instruments, and the piano is the best enlightening instrument to open the door to music.
Music is like language. There is a process of "listening, speaking, reading, and writing". Playing the piano is a step of "writing" in the latter section. If you miss the first three steps, it is quite difficult to "write". "Listening" means listening to music. It is as if the child learns to hear the language before he learns to read characters. The child will be interested in reading characters. Hearing requires listening to the pitch, rhythm of the melody, and the harmony and texture. "Speaking" is equivalent to singing in music. It is necessary to sing the melody and rhythm accurately, just as we speak Mandarin. "Reading" is equivalent to recognizing and singing scores, just like reading words before reading. Without good knowledge of music, playing the piano must be very tired. With these three steps in preparation, the last "write", that is, playing on the piano, becomes much easier. Because music itself is an abstract language. During the age of 0 ~ 6, doing more listening to music will allow children to remember music as a mother tongue in their brains, forming a lifelong musical talent. So, what preparations should parents make before their children learn the piano?
1 Develop children's interest in music
Confucius said that "the one who learns is not as good as the one who is good, and the one who is not as good as one who is happy" shows the importance of cultivating interest in learning. Wise parents should know how to guide their children to enjoy learning, desire to learn, and achieve learning in an effective way.
0-6 years is the best period for brain development. The information received at this stage is an important bearing and accumulation of future life paths. Therefore, moms and dads have exposed children to world famous songs and classic music since prenatal education. At this stage, while the mother is listening, the child is listening in the mother's belly. The habit of loving music starts here! When the child wakes up, he can accompany the music to get up. When painting and playing, there is also soft and beautiful music accompanied by it. Life is full of harmonious music. ?????? Children are jealous of music. The beautiful sounds and classic melody have left a deep impression on the child Impressions, if he comes into contact with the piano in the future, he will be very happy to study, play and perform (recommended cd "Love and Music").
After the child is 2 years old, it is necessary to let the child listen to and listen to the nursery rhymes frequently. The family can let the children perform familiar songs in front of the guests. When singing, they can also add their own actions to sing and jump , This can exercise guts and enhance self-confidence. In addition, to encourage children to dance to music, parents can play games while dancing with their children. For example, when listening to a cheerful piece of music, parents can jump and jump with the children at a cheerful pace; then there is another piece of lyrical music, and parents can dance with their children to imitate butterflies and flap their wings; Majestic music like the march of the military, parents can march forward with their children imitating the military look ??????
In this way, let children perceive music and gallop in the world of music. ????? (Recommended teaching materials: "I play with music", "Children's classical music appreciation" (explained by Lin Hua))
At the age of three, you can come into contact with preliminary music knowledge. For example, you can get a basic knowledge of staff notation. Parents can purchase interesting teaching materials for children to understand staff notation (recommended teaching material: "Musical Stories", divided into three volumes). Or take your children to Orff music classes, participate in dance, singing or painting interest classes, read poetry aloud, experience the rhythm of poetry, use children's educational approach to allow children to receive preliminary music expertise, and experience music and The similarities between other art forms will make his playing of the piano more viable in the future. In addition, give him more opportunities to operate by hand in life. For example: using scissors, pinching plasticine, picking vegetable leaves, spelling Lego, and more hands-on time is a very teachable student. Of course, if you really care about the current situation, why not let your child hold the ball and play the piano. The hand holding the ball is a good hand. (It is highly recommended that the early education of aesthetic music started in Taiwan). A little older, after four years of age, I recommend a set of "World Classic Music Fairy Tale Picture Books" (12 volumes, by the famous French music educator Jobel), which is also a set of music picture books that are extremely suitable for children.
Second, develop children's sensitive hearing
As we all know, music is the art of hearing. Cultivating sensitive ear hearing and establishing the correct pitch concept are the first steps to open the door to music.
When the child is one year old, parents can make their own musical instruments, such as putting rice, mung beans, soybeans, sand, etc. in different mineral water bottles, so that children can listen to different sounds. You can also use the finished milk powder cans and paper boxes as drums, find two wooden sticks as drum sticks, and let the children beat them to make percussion instruments.
If a family with a condition has a piano, electric piano, or electronic piano, they can let the children and the piano remember the standard sound la, that is, the small letter A, and then listen to the middle C, the octave, which is the small letter do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, si, do ', from monophonic, dual-tone to chords, then you can listen to melody segments, rhythm imitations, etc., and slowly add varying grades (recommended textbook by Zhao Fangxing, Music Theory Sight-Singing Ear Training Tutorial ").
Here are a few mini-games for improving your hearing prepared by Teacher Xiaoyu:
Game 1. Listen to the pitch:
Choose three sounds. At the beginning, you can make the pitch jump a little bigger and discern. For example, 1.3.6, let the children get familiar with it. The falling sound is at 1, the child knocks on the door; the falling sound is at 3, the child is making chickens to eat rice; the falling sound is at 6, the child is making small frogs.
Dad plays, mom and baby match to do. Come and play repeatedly, you can let your baby play as a little teacher. (You can make corresponding adjustments according to the characteristics of your baby).
Game 2. Hide and hide with sound (listen tones):
Early stage: Mom and dad and baby, hide and seek.
Mom and Dad took a loudspeaker in their hands and sat far away, Bao covered his eyes, and searched to find out whether it was Dad or Mom.
Mid-term: Mom and Dad each take a loudspeaker and let him listen to two different sounds in front of the baby's eyes, such as rustling rain (green mung beans in a mineral bottle) and mosquitoes (high-five), let him find the rain Mother-in-law (Mom) or helping father fight mosquitoes
Late stage: Let your baby react to the sound of the specified tone under multiple tone colors.
He can also let him choose between strength and weakness. One side sends a fierce strong, and the other sends a mild weak. The difficulty is: fierce strong (deep strong) and sighing strong (high pitched strong) Choose a lot of sound sources, any sound in life can be, you don't need to buy it deliberately, and it can also be large in strength. Essay,
But don't use discrimination in strength and discrimination in the same game at the same time. Children are more likely to be dizzy, and the more intensive the project, the easier it is to produce results. Choose only one direction at a time, and play one direction at a time.
Sizzling sound sources: drumming, shaking mung bean bottles, knocking boxes, imitating animal calls, knocking on doors, etc.
Thirty-three, develop children's ability to focus
To determine whether the child can take piano lessons, the most important thing is to see how long he has been paying attention, whether he can sit down quietly and concentrate on listening to the teacher. This concentration of attention also needs to be developed step by step. I have read many biographies of musicians, most of them were born in a family of musicians, so the family music atmosphere is strong. For example, cellist Ma Youyou, his father taught him music literacy since he was three years old. At first, he only took five minutes each time, and then added time each time, and gradually became 10 minutes, 15 minutes, and after a period of time. You can take half an hour of class, and after a while, of course, you can take one hour of class as your child grows up. I met some parents before, and never came to my child's concentration training at home, so I came over to take piano lessons. As a result, the three or four-year-old child couldn't sit still, and even went under the piano to hide, the parents were furious. To beat the child. In fact, there is a truth to be learned from this matter: The root of any bad behavior of a child lies in improper family education. When parents see that their child has made a mistake, they should not blame the child first, but should reflect on themselves.
So how do parents train their children's ability to concentrate at home?
1. Set appropriate rules for your children to make their daily life and study very regular. What to do when the child comes home from school, such as drawing a picture, reading a book (of course, young children just look at pictures, complete a building block, make a puzzle, enjoy a piece of music, and play a game of chess), anyway Do these things for a fixed time, do not change, make a detailed learning activity schedule, and strictly follow this table. In early childhood, parents need to accompany these things to ensure that young children are not disturbed in the process of doing one thing.
2. At home, create an atmosphere suitable for children to concentrate on studying or concentrate on doing something. For example, when children are reading, parents also read together, turn on an eye-protection lamp, put on a lyrical and quiet light music, and the whole family gathers together to read a book. The quiet atmosphere helps the child feel calm and concentrate on doing one thing. .
3. Avoid continuously arranging too many learning activities for your child in one day. This kind of non-stop and complicated activities is not conducive to the growth and development of the child's brain, and it is more difficult to concentrate. . In addition, while arranging a regular schedule for your child, you must also ensure that your child is getting enough sleep. Insufficient sleep can also cause inattention.
Playing the piano is also a kind of concentration training, so there is a saying in the folk: "Children who play well at the piano will not have poor academic performance." In fact, playing the piano is not just about intellectual development but good habits. Formation. Many children with good grades do not necessarily have a high IQ, but they must develop good habits of living and study, and focus on their thoughts in class. This is the key to good or bad academic performance.