Does playing the piano affect fetal hearing

Updated: Dec 24, 2019

In pregnancy, playing the piano is a very good way to regulate the body, listen to more soothing music, can release pressure, cultivate temperament, but also improve their physical condition. But some parents think that playing the piano loudly will affect the development of fetal hearing. Does playing the piano affect fetal hearing?




Playing the piano generally does not affect the fetus's hearing, generally conditional will put some music to the fetus to listen to, music fetal education, the fetus will react. But pregnant women need to pay attention to rest. Sitting and playing the piano for a long time is not good for the fetus. Here are the factors that affect listening:


1. Viruses

Pregnant mothers-to-be suffer from influenza, rubella, sexually transmitted diseases, such as syphilis or gonorrhoea, which can lead to the transmission of viruses through the placenta to the fetus, resulting in the deafness of the fetus, but also increase the possibility of fetal suffering from other diseases.


2. Improper fetal education

Many expectant mothers during pregnancy will give the fetus music prenatal education, but when the method of prenatal education is incorrect, such as directly putting the loudspeaker such as earphones on the abdomen, or when the rhythm and frequency of prenatal education music are incorrect, it may lead to the deafness of the fetus.


3. Improper use of drugs

When expectant mothers take drugs that affect the development of fetal hearing, they may also cause hearing loss or deafness. So pregnant women must take medicine under the guidance of doctors.


Common drugs affecting fetal hearing development are aminoglycoside antibiotics such as gentamicin and kanamycin, diuretics such as furosemide and diuretic acid, and antineoplastic and antipyretic analgesics.


4. Environmental factors

Mothers-to-be are exposed to the noisy environment for a long time, which can lead to hearing impairment of the fetus and even miscarriage due to endocrine disorders.

In addition, if mothers-to-be are exposed to harmful substances such as benzol, gasoline and formaldehyde during pregnancy, it will also affect the development of fetal hearing.


5. Malnutrition

Malnutrition of expectant mothers during pregnancy may affect the development of fetal brain cells and make the auditory response insensitive. If you suffer from vitamin B deficiency, it may also cause neurological deafness that progresses slowly.


When does the baby have hearing?

Since 6-month-old babies can feel the noise from outside, embryological studies have proved that the development of fetal hearing can generally be divided into the following four stages:

Eight weeks: Embryological studies showed that the fetal nervous system began to form and the auditory nerve began to develop.


At 24 weeks, the morphology of the cochlea and the differentiation of the auditory nerve were basically completed.

15-20 weeks: The fetus begins to have heard, but is insensitive to external sounds.

24-28 weeks: The acoustical stimulation has been adequately responded to and expressed in four ways: fetal movement, fetal heart rate, changes in EEG recording and skin reflex response.


From the above point of view, that is to say, when the baby is 6 months old, it can hear such sounds as the music of fetal education, the voice of the mother, and the loud noise of the outside world. Soothing piano music, rhythmic light music, or some other prenatal music are loved by the baby. The mother-to-be can play the music while gently beating the rhythm on her belly with her fingers. Perhaps the baby will also respond.







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