Updated: Dec 24, 2019
Talking about the origin of piano, it has been hundreds of years. Piano has always been the most important family keyboard instrument. Piano originated in Europe and has a history of more than 300 years.
The word piano is a shortened form of pianoforte, the Italian term for the early 1700s versions of the instrument, which in turn derives from gravicembalo col piano e forte and fortepiano.
Modern piano is evolved from clavichord and badminton keyboard. The word "clavi" is a combination of the words "clavi" and "chord". It focuses on the basic principle of this instrument - keyboard strings.
The Italian musical terms piano and forte indicate "soft" and "loud" respectively, in this context referring to the variations in volume (i.e., loudness) produced in response to a pianist's touch or pressure on the keys: the greater the velocity of a key press, the greater the force of the hammer hitting the strings, and the louder the sound of the note produced and the stronger the attack.
The ancient piano originated in Europe in the 12th and 14th centuries. Its original structure was to install a set of keys on the rectangular wooden box. The flat-headed nails fixed at the back of the keys directly hit the metal strings tightly attached to the wooden frame to make sound.
The piano we use now comes from the 18th century. At the beginning of the 18th century, Italian instrumentalist Bartolomeo Christopheli improved the badminton keyboard by wrapping leather around a mallet and inventing the keyboard mechanical mallet piano, which laid the foundation of modern piano.
This improvement makes up for the serious defect that the ancient piano and the badminton keyboard can hardly adjust the volume. Players can change the volume at will by tapping the keys. The volume of the piano is much larger than that of the ancient piano and the badminton keyboard, thus greatly enhancing the performance of the piano.
There are two main forms of modern piano: upright piano and grand piano. In the upright style, there are standard size and small size upright piano, while the triangle platform piano has many sizes, from the smallest to the large platform piano used in the concert. In the early piano, there was also a long square style and upright triangle piano.